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A window is a framed area on the screen. You can change the size and position of a window. A distinction is made between primary windows and secondary windows, such as dialog boxes. The application runs in the primary window. You open a secondary window from a primary window. Multiple overlapping windows can be displayed on a desktop.

SAP GUI Window

A SAP GUI window consists of:

      A menu bar with menu items such as System and Help

      The standard toolbar with items such as the command field

      The title bar with the name of the function currently being executed

      The application toolbar with buttons relevant to the specific application

More information about the SAP GUI window elements is available in SAP GUI Help. (To display it, choose F1 in the SAP Logon dialog.)


SAP GUI windows are handled in a similar way to windows used in the Windows operating system. Standard Windows key combinations can be used to close, move, and resize windows. These key combinations work for primary application windows and most dialog windows in SAP GUI. Other functions, such as task switching, only work for primary application windows.

Access and Navigation Between Windows (Task Switching)

To switch the view between application windows, choose [Alt]+[Tab] to open the task switcher. The task switcher shows application-specific icons representing the currently available application windows. To move the focus from one icon to the next inside the task switcher, hold the [Alt] key down and press the [Tab] key until the focus is on the required window icon. Once the focus moves to an icon, the corresponding window title is displayed in the text area of the task switcher. Release the [Alt] key to activate the window. You can also move the focus backwards inside the task switcher by pressing [Alt]+[Shift]+[Tab].

Internal Navigation in SAP GUI Windows

To open a new SAP GUI window, choose [Ctrl]+[+].

To go back one step, choose [F3]. To refresh the window content, choose [F5]. If the window is divided into two parts by a splitter, you can access the splitter by choosing [Ctrl]+[Tab] and resize the window parts using the arrow keys. Enlarging the size of one section reduces the size of the other section.

Command Field Navigation

The command field is similar to the address bar in an Internet browser. You can enter a transaction code to call a specific function. To move the focus to the command field directly, choose [Ctrl]+[/]. You can call up your previous entries in turn within the command field by choosing the up and down arrow keys. To call up the history list with all your previous entries, choose [Alt]+[Down].


To open up the system menu of the main application window, choose [Alt]+[Space]. To navigate to a menu item in the system menu, use the arrow keys to select the item, and press [Enter] or choose the accelerator key. To move a window, choose the move function in the system menu and then the arrow keys. To end the move interaction mode and return to standard window interaction, choose [Enter]. To resize a window, choose the size function in the system menu and then use the arrow keys. To end the resize interaction mode and return to standard window interaction, choose [Enter].

Accelerator Key Combinations for Handling Windows

Key Combination



Move window


Resize window


Minimize window


Maximize window


Restore window


The move and resize functions do not work in full screen mode.

When you minimize a window, it loses the focus. When you restore or maximize a window, it keeps the focus.


To close a window, choose [Alt]+[F4] or [Alt]+[Space][c]. To close a dialog window and undo the changes made, choose [Escape]. To close a dialog window and save the changes made, choose [Escape].

To cancel a dialog, a dialog step, or an application, you can also choose [F12].


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