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Background documentation Understanding the Portal Desktop  Locate the document in its SAP Library structure

The portal desktop refers to the entire portal screen, including any displayed content and its layout. It also contains the tools you need to personalize your portal.

The portal desktop is divided into the following areas:


Header Area

The part of the portal that remains static when you navigate from one tab or page to another. This area contains the masthead, tools, and, subject to your administrator’s configurations, the top-level navigation iView.

Page Title Bar

An iView displayed below the header area containing information, links, and icons pertaining to the personalization, navigation, and action options of the displayed page.

Navigation Panel

The left-hand pane just below the page title bar, reserved for navigation iViews composed of content trees, interface controls, and links to various types of content

Content Area

The part of the desktop that displays content, either pages containing iViews, or single iViews. It changes when you navigate from one page/iView to another.

        Page: A container for iViews

        iView: A small application that retrieves data from content sources in your company and on the Internet


This graphic is explained in the accompanying text

Header Area

The masthead contains:

        Company branding, with company name and logo

        Welcome text, usually consisting of a welcome message and your user name

        Any or all of the following function links:

        Help – By default, launches the SAP Help Portal on the World Wide Web. From there you can navigate to view the current Enterprise Portal End User Guide for your version of the portal.

Your administrator has the option of changing the URL value when editing the masthead items, in which case, you may reach a different site than the SAP Help Portal when clicking this link.

        Personalize – Opens in a separate window a page containing personalization options for your portal’s look and functions. For more information, see Setting Portal Preferences. This link is not displayed if you are logged on as Anonymous user.

        New Session – Opens the current portal in a new browser window, with complete functionality.

        Log Off –Terminates your portal session and returns you to either the portal Logon dialog, or an external logout page that was associated to the portal. This link is not displayed if you are logged on as Anonymous user.

        Log On – Appears only if your portal is configured to support Anonymous users. This link lets you log on as an authenticated user. For more information, see Logging On to / Off the Portal.


The tools area appears only if you have Knowledge Management (KM) installed with your portal. It contains:

        A Collaboration link to the optional Collaboration Launch Pad.

        A Search tool for searching Knowledge Management (KM) data repositories


The top-level navigation bar is your entry point for navigating the content assigned to your roles. Depending upon your portal settings, it consists of either:

        One level of tabs

The first level tabs are your highest-level folders and usually reflect the tasks of a specific role.

Clicking a tab displays all subsequent levels of content, including additional roles and folders that are assigned to you, in a tree structure in the Detailed Navigation iView of the navigation panel.

        A first level of tabs and a second level of subtabs

        Clicking a tab displays its subtabs.

        If hovering is enabled in your portal, then pointing to a first level tab displays its subtabs. Note that a portal that has its Accessibility flag turned on will have its hover feature disabled.

        The subtab folders compartmentalize the role into manageable tasks. Folder contents can include other folders, pages and iViews.

        Clicking a subtab:

         Displays onwards of the third level of content folders in the Detailed Navigation iView.

         Launches a service or page that provides relevant content, if there is no third level of content.

It is possible that your portal was configured with no top-level navigation. In such a case, all your content is displayed in the Detailed Navigation iView.

Page Title Bar

From this iView you can navigate directly to recently-visited pages, as well as launch various page-specific options. For more information see Page Title Bar.

Navigation Panel

The iViews in the navigation panel are displayed only if they contain content related to your task. They change contextually according to the information appearing in the content area.

        Detailed Navigation

Contains links to your content, displayed in a tree format of role-based folders.

        Dynamic Navigation Area

Displays data navigation iViews that contain user interface controls, such as menus and links. Use these controls to retrieve specific information for display in the portal content area.

        Related Links

Contains a list of links whose target topics are relevant to the iView or portal page with which you are currently working.

The links are predefined on the iView and the page levels (Portal Content Studio). Clicking an object in Related Links opens its content in a new browser window, which can be customized.

        Portal Favorites

Contains a list of links that access your favorite pages and full-page application iViews in the portal, as well as KM folders and documents.

This iView appears only if you have KM installed and your administrator has configured the correct settings.


        The navigation panel, by default, is expanded only if any of its iViews have content to display.

        If a specific property has been configured for certain pages and iViews in your content, the panel is initially collapsed or expanded whenever you launch one of these objects, irrespective of the status of the navigation iViews in the panel.

        By manipulating the navigation panel, you increase and decrease either the panel or the content area, respectively.

        To expand the navigation panel, click the single arrow in the upper left corner of the panel. The panel opens and the arrow changes direction.

        To collapse the navigation panel, click the same arrow.

        To incrementally resize the navigation panel, in the upper left corner of the panel click the arrow that points in the direction you need.


Content Area

The area of the portal desktop reserved for performing tasks, and in which navigation results and portal pages with iView content are displayed.

The displayed information can be from any accessible data resource, such as an application, company files, or a Web address.



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